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松鼠的空天随笔

 
 
 

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美国加强弹道导弹防御能力  

2013-03-16 22:55:08|  分类: BMDS |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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预计到2017财年格里利堡增加14个发射井及导弹,将GBI部署数量增加到44枚。不过话说回来,这是布什时代预计2013财年完成的目标

此外美方还提到2015年进行第一次真正的洲际导弹拦截试验。


The Administration will deploy 14 interceptors at a site in Alaska. The President canceled the interceptors in his first term, but new developments brought a change of heart.

Hagel: “We will strengthen our homeland defense, maintain our commitments to our allies and partners, and make clear to the world the United States stands firm against aggression.”

Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel says a new radar installation will also be built in Japan. Alabama House Republican Mike Rogers welcomed the decision, but he says the delay will cost money.

Rogers: “The interceptors are going to cost a lot more than they would have four years ago, so it’s going to be a big hit to our budget.”

The Pentagon estimating this will cost a billion dollars and take four years.

At the White House, Mike Majchrowitz, FOX News Radio.

WATCH more on the increase in U.S. missile defense:

Below read a reaction statement from Senator Inhofe (R-OK)


美国加强弹道导弹防御能力 - squirrel - 松鼠的空天随笔
Missile Field2区域的14个发射井已经修建完毕,开始部署GBI

By restoring the 14 Ground based interceptors to Fort Greely, Alaska, we add a much needed measure of protection against the North Korean threat,” said Inhofe. “Sec. Hagel’s announcement is a step in the right direction but does not go far enough to address the threat from Iran which, according to the Department of Defense, could test an Intercontinental ballistic missile as early as 2015. Reflecting concerns by Congress, the fiscal year 2013 National Defense Authorization Act directs the President to develop a contingency plan for the deployment of a homeland missile defense interceptor site on the East Coast of the United States. In light of this recent announcement, and the increase in Iran’s nuclear activities, I call on the President to turn that contingency plan into a deployment order.”

Read Defense Secretary Hagel’s remarks on Missile Defense as prepared for delivery:

Good afternoon.

I have a statement and then I will take a couple questions then ask the Under Secretary and the Vice Chief to address the specific questions you have about the topic that we are going to about: Missile Defense.

Today, I am announcing a series of steps the United States will take to stay ahead of the challenge posed by Iran and North Korea’s development of longer-range ballistic missile capabilities.
The United States has missile defense systems in place to protect us from limited ICBM attacks, but North Korea in particular has recently made advances in its capabilities and has engaged in a series of irresponsible and reckless provocations.

Specifically, North Korea announced last month that it conducted its third nuclear test, and last April displayed what appears to be a road-mobile ICBM. It also used its Taepo Dong-2 missile to put a satellite in orbit, thus demonstrating progress in its development of long-range missile technology.

In order to bolster our protection of the homeland and stay ahead of this threat we are taking four steps.

First, we will strengthen homeland missile defense by deploying 14 additional Ground-Based Interceptors (GBIs) at Ft. Greely, Alaska. That will increase the number of deployed Ground Based Interceptors from 30 to 44, including the four GBIs at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. These additional GBIs will provide a nearly 50 percent increase in our missile defense capability.

Second, with the support of the Japanese government, we are planning to deploy an additional radar in Japan. This second TPY-2 ortippy-tworadar will provide improved early warning and tracking of any missile launched from North Korea at the United States or Japan.

Third, as directed by Congress, we are conducting Environmental Impact Studies for a potential additional GBI site in the United States. While the Administration has not made any decision on whether to proceed with an additional site, conducting Environmental Impact Studies will shorten the timeline for construction should that decision be made.

And fourth, we are restructuring the SM-3 IIB program. As many of you know, we had planned to deploy the SM-3 IIB as part of the European Phased Adaptive Approach. The purpose was to add to the protection of the U.S. homeland already provided by our current GBIs against missile threats from the Middle East. The timeline for deploying this program had been delayed to at least 2022 due to cuts in congressional funding. Meanwhile, the threat matures. By shifting resources from this lagging program to fund the additional GBIs as well as advanced kill vehicle technology that will improve the performance of the GBI and other versions of the SM-3 interceptor, we will be able to add protection against missiles from Iran sooner while also providing additional protection against the North Korean threat.

Let me emphasize the strong and continued commitment of the United States to NATO missile defense. That commitment remains ironclad. The missile deployments the United States is making in phases one through three of the European Phased Adaptive Approach, including sites in Poland and Romania, will still be able to provide coverage of all European NATO territory as planned by 2018.

The collective result of these four decisions will be to further improve our ability to counter future missile threats from Iran and North Korea, while maximizing increasingly scarce taxpayer resources. The American people expect us to take every necessary step to protect their security at home and U.S. strategic interests abroad, but they expect us to do so in the most efficient and effective manner possible. By taking the steps I’ve outlined today, we will strengthen our homeland defense, maintain our commitments to our allies and partners, and make clear to the world that the United States stands firm against aggression.

Thank you.


美国加强弹道导弹防御能力 - squirrel - 松鼠的空天随笔
2012年初报道第一枚GBI已经部署到新建的MF2
 
新华网华盛顿3月15日电(记者 王丰丰 孙浩)美国国防部长查克·哈格尔15日在五角大楼举行新闻发布会宣布,他已下令军方在美国西海岸新增14个陆基导弹拦截装置,以应对来自朝鲜的导弹威胁。


  哈格尔说,这14个拦截装置将部署在阿拉斯加州,部署计划预计在2017财政年度之前完成。国防部负责政策的副部长詹姆斯·米勒说,新部署的拦截装置将有能力把整个美国本土覆盖在内,整个部署将花费大约10亿美元。

  哈格尔说,美国增加部署拦截装置,是因为朝鲜近期在导弹技术方面取得进展并采取了“一系列不负责任的挑衅行动”。他表示,美方将加强对本土的导弹防御能力,恪守对盟友的安全承诺。除在本土增加部署拦截装置外,美方还将在日本部署第二套反导雷达。

  当前,美国本土一共部署有30个用以拦截洲际弹道导弹的陆基拦截装置,其中26个部署在阿拉斯加州的格里利堡,另外4个部署在加利福尼亚州的范登堡空军基地。
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美国的实质做法是砍掉SM-3 Block IIB,省下来的钱用于增加和升级GBI。说起来GMD系统也很悲剧,虽然GBI比SM3成熟,但那也只是相对而言,而且,GMD花钱实在太多了:
美国加强弹道导弹防御能力 - squirrel - 松鼠的空天随笔
截止2012年8月GMD系统已经花了409亿美元
要想研制成熟和部署一个有效的中段拦截系统,花费的资金真是令人惊叹
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